Glossary of Spiritual / Religious Words

Aadi-Anaadi - Eternal / Beginningless

Aakashvaani - Ethervoice / voice from the sky

Aarti - Prayer

Aatma - Soul

Aavirbhaav - birth

Ajanma - One who never takes birth

Ajapa Jaap - Repetition of mantra without using mouth and tongue

Ajar-Amar - Changeless-Immortal

Akhand - Uninterrupted / Non-stop

Amaavasya - The last day of the dark fortnight of a lunar month

And (Und) - An elliptical sphere; Brahmand

Antaryami - God who dwells in every living being/ All-knowing

Anuttam - Bad / Inferior

Arab - One Billion = 109

Baakhabar - One who has full knowledge

Bandichhor - Liberator from prison

Barsodi/Barsi - Rite performed after one year of death of a person

Bhagwan - Lord

Bhakt - Devotee

Bhakti  -Act of devotion to God / worship

Bhakti-yug - The time, when true bhakti is commenced by the Tattavdarshi Saint. Then that goes on properly for some years. That time is called Bhakti Yug

Bhandara - Provision of common meal to many people on the basis of religiousness / communal eating place

Bharm - Misconceptions / Doubtful knowledge given by Brahm (Kaal) in Vedas and Gita

Bhatti - Clay-oven

Bhavsagar - The ocean of world

Bhog ka Prasaad - Blessed food after offering to God

Brahm - Jyoti Niranjan / Alakh Niranjan / Kaal / Kshar Purush; he is the master of the twenty-one brahmands

Brahma - Son of Brahm (Kaal)

Brahmand - An elliptical region in which many loks are situated

Brahmin - A race of sages

Charnamrit - Foot-nectar: the water in which the feet of a respected personage have been washed

Chaturbhuj - Possessing four arms

ChhHmahi - Rite performed six months after death of a person

Daata - Benevolent God

Dandwat Pranaam - To prostrate (lie face down) in reverence / Bow

Das - Servant / Disciple

Dev - God

Dhaam - Abode/place of pilgrimage

Dhaanak - Weaver

Dharam Rai - Kaal

Dharm Raj - Post of Judge in the court of Kaal God.

Dharm - Meritorious act

Doot - Messenger/envoy

Dhun - Sound

Durga / Prakriti / Ashtangi / Aadi Maya / Bhavani / Tridev Janni / Sheranwali - Wife of Brahm and mother of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh/Shiv

Dweep - Island

Dweepkalp - An imaginary island

Gaddi - Native seat

Gati - State / Salvation

Ghaal - Attack by an evil spirit

Guna - Merit or Quality / The three Gunas, Rajoguna-Brahma, Satoguna-Vishnu, Tamoguna-Shiv

Guru - Spiritual leader / Religious Teacher

Gurudev - Spiritual Teacher

Gyan - Knowledge

Gyata - Knower / knowledgeable

Gyey - Giver of the knowledge of the God worthy of being known to others

Hakka - Eternal / Immortal

Hans - (swan) Soul in Satlok is called Hans / an evil-less devotee free from vices; Hans-aatma

Hath Yog- Forceful meditation

Jaap - Chanting / Repetition of mantra

Jagat - Universe

Jagat Guru- Guru/Spiritual Teacher of the universe

Janmashtami - The festival held on the birthday of Krishna Ji

Janni - Mother

Jantra-Mantra/Jhaada - Casting out a sickness or an evil spirit by means of charms or incantations

Jinda mahatma - A Muslim Saint who wears a black knee-length cloak (like an overcoat) and wear a conical hat on head

Jinn - Ghost

Kaal lok - The twenty-one brahmands of Brahm (Kaal)

Kabir Panthi - Follower of God Kabir

Kabir Vaani - Kabir Speech / Speech of God Kabir

Kalaas - Skills/art

Kalp - Age; The duration of one day and night of Brahma which is equivalent to 2000 Yugas. For full description read Age of Brahma

Kalyug - One of the four Yugas; the present Yug is Kalyug

Kamal - Lotus / Chakras in body

Kamdhenu - A cow of gods, which provides all the edible substances from its body

Kanthi - Garland

Karm -  Actions/deeds - The principle - As you do, so shall you get

Karmyogi - A worshipper who does sadhna while doing work

Kartar - Creator of all, who creates with word power

Katha - Tale of God from a holy scripture

Kaavar - A way of worship opposite to the scriptures, whereby a worshipper brings water from the river Ganges near Haridwar city and pours it over the idol of God Shiv in a Shiv temple near his place.

Khadaau- Sandal

Kharab - One Hundred Arab = 1011 (One Hundred Billion)

Kheda - A site where a village or city has been destroyed

Kos - A measure of distance; one Kos = 3 km

Kshatriya - Member of a royal/ warrior Hindu caste

Kshatriyatv - Status of a Kshatriya

Kshatriya Dharm - Religious and social obligation of a Kshatriya

Kul - Lineage/family line

Laal - Name a precious gem worth nine lakh rupees; Ruby

Laaldi - Stone similar to laal but not even worth hundred rupees

Leela - Divine act of a deity

Lok - Place/world

Lokved - Folklore / Hearsay information/ baseless stories as opposed to the true scriptures / Folk knowledge 

Maalik - Master

Madi - Memorial Structure/statue

Maha Kalp - The duration of age of Brahma = 100 years (divine or god years)

MahaMaya - Great Goddess / Durga

Mahapralay - Great Destruction

Maharishi - Great Sage

Mahaswarg - Great Heaven

Mahatma - Saint

Maheshwar - The Greatest God

Mann (Munn) - Mind

Mann - A measure of weight; a maund (about 40 kg)

Mansarover - A very big lake

Matanusaar - According to the way of worship mentioned in Vedas and Gita

Mayavi - Illusory, having supernatural or magical powers

Moksha - Salvation /Liberation

Mrityunjay - One who has won over death

Mukti - Salvation / liberation

Muni - Sage

Naam Updesh - Initiation

Naam - Mantra

Naath - A sect of worshippers of Tamgun-Shiv, whose followers are called 'Naaths'. Of them, nine have been very famous Nirgun Only formless but with merits

Om / ॐ / Aum - Mantra of Brahm / Kshar Purush

PaarBrahm - Param Akshar Brahm / Purna Brahm / SatPurush - Master of the infinite brahmands

Paath - Recitation of a sacred text, kind of a yagya

Panth - Religious sect

Param - Supreme / Best

Param Pad - Supreme state

Param Siddhi - Supreme Supernatural Power

ParBrahm - Akshar Brahm / Akshar Purush; he is the master of seven sankh brahmands

Parmatma - God

Parmeshwar - Supreme God

Parvardigaar - Nurturer of all

Patal Lok - Nether world

Pavan - Air/breath

Pind - Body

Pitras - Deceased paternal ancesters

Pooja Vidhi - Way of worship/religious services

Praan - Life force

Prabhu - God

Pralaya - Destruction

Prarabdh - Destiny set as a result of the deeds performed in previous births

PrithviLok / Manushya lok / Mrityu lok - Earth

Pujya - Venerable/Revered

Punya - Virtue/reward

Puraan - Eighteen holy books are Puraans

Purna - Complete

Purna Moksh - Complete Salvation / Complete Liberation

Purna Parmatma - Full-fledged God / Complete God

Purna Saint - Complete/Supreme Saint

Purush - The first meaning of Purush is God. It is also used to denote 'man' because God has made man in His own image

Rajoguna - Brahma / Merits or qualities of Brahma

Rishi - Sage

Sadhna - Way of worship/ Religious duty

Sahaj Samadhi - Simple meditation [for example, a young girl after marriage when comes to her parents, she works and remains with her parents and other brothers and sisters, but internally remembers her husband without showing anybody.]

Sahasrabaho - Possessing thousand arms

Samadhi - Meditation

Samagam - Assembly

Samrath - Fully Capable/All-Capable

Sanatan - Immemorial / everlasting / eternal

Sanatan Dhaam - Immemorial place / Eternal Place (Satlok)

Sanatan Dharm - Immemorial religion

Sandeshvaahak - Messenger

Sangat - Congregation

Sankh - One Hundred Padam = 1017 (One Hundred Quadrillion)

Sankshipt - Concise

Sanskaar - Impressions of deeds done in the previous birth

Sargun - Having form and merits

Sarveshwar - God of all gods

Sat bhakti - True worship/devotion

Satlok - True Place / Eternal Place; where Supreme God Kabir lives

Satoguna - Vishnu / Merits or qualities of Vishnu

Satguru - Tatvdarshi Guru / True Guru / Complete Guru

Satnaam/Satyanaam - Real naam/mantra which is according to the scriptures

SatPurush - Master of Satlok

Satsang - Spiritual discourse /association with the truth

Sat updesh - True naam / to tell the real way of worship

Satyagyan - True knowledge

Shabd - Word / Hymn

Shakti - Power

Shankh - Conch shell

Shareer - Body

Shastra - Holy scriptures

Shastranukul sadhna - Way of worship according to the injunctions of the Holy Scriptures / Scripture-based way of worship

Shastra-viruddh - Sadhna Way of worship opposite to the injunctions of the Holy Scriptures

Shesh Shaiya - Snake Bed

Shiv/Mahesh - Son of Brahm (Kaal); Destroyer of the three loks

Shivratri - Name of a festival in honour of God Shiv

Shraadh - Rite performed for the sake of a dead person after Barsodi every year

Shudra - A person of a lower caste

Siddh - There are eight types of divine powers. A worshipper who attains even one of them is called 'Siddh'. Until now 84 Siddhs have been very famous.

Srishti - Nature

Sudarshan chakra - Name of a circular weapon

Sukshm - Immaterial/subtle

Sukshm Ved - Fifth veda, the speech of God Kabir and Garib Das Ji

Sumiran - Remembering God by repeating mantra given by Guru

Sunn - Vacuum place

Surati-Nirati - Concentration-attention

Sutak - State of ritual impurity existing in one's household after the birth of a child

Swarg - Heaven

Swayambhu - Self-existent / who appears Himself / who does not take birth from a mother

Swayam Prakashit - Self-illuminated

Taaranhaar - Saviour

Tamoguna - Shiv / Merits or qualities of Shiv

Tan, Man, Dhan - Physical, mental and material resources

Tap - Austerity/meditation

Tapatshila - A piece of rock which automatically remains hot, on which Kaal cooks the immaterial bodies of one lakh human beings

Tatvadarshi Saint - God-realised saint who has complete knowledge of all the Holy books. Also called as Tatvadrshta Saint.

Tatvagyan - True spiritual knowledge

Teen-Taap - The three types of sufferings: physical, material and spiritual

Teerth - Place of pilgrimage

Tejpunj - Mass of light

Terahvin - A rite performed on the thirteenth day after a death

Tirobhaav - Death

Upasna - Worship

Updesh - Spiritual instruction / initiation / to tell the way of worship

Updeshi - Disciple / follower

Vaani - Speech

Varna - Caste

Vikaar- Evil habits / Vices

Viraat - Huge

Vishay - Worldly enjoyments

Vishnu - Son of Brahm (Kaal); Preserver of the three loks

Yagya - Sacrificial ceremony

Yam - God of Death

Yam-doot - Messenger of Yam

Yog - Bhakti

Yog-yukt - Connected with God

Yug - Age / fixed or specified period. [Yugas are four, namely: (1) Satyug - having period of 1728000 years. (2) Tretayug - period of Tretayug is 1296000 years. (3) Dwaparyug - period is 864000 years (4) Kalyug - period is 432000 years

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