Analysis of Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran

Devi Bhagwat Purana - Gita Press Gorakhpur

Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran by Gita Press Gorakhpur,

Third Skand of Devi Bhagwat Puran contains the formation about the creation of Universe and the fact that Goddess Durga is the Mother of Brahma VIshnu and Shiv.

Third Skand of Devi Bhagwat Puran

Janamejeya puts a question to Rishi Vyas Ji about Creation of Universe. Rishi Vyas Ji then says that I had put the same question to Muni Narad Ji; the answer he gave me, I will narrate that to you.

Narad Ji in turn had asked the same question to his Father Brahma Ji. The actual answer by Vyas Ji starts in 2nd Adhyay of 3rd Skand. Pictures from Devi Bhagwat Puran are given below and they cover the below mentioned points.

  • How did the Universe Originate
  • Brahma’s fight with Madhu & Kaitab
  • Goddess Durga orders Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv to perform their roles
  • Goddess Durga gives Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv a tour of Brahm Lok in a plane
  • Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv are astonished to see Land & Creation
  • Brahma Vishnu & Shiv are perplexed on seeing Another Brahma
  • Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv get confused on witnessing another Vishnu & Shiv
  • God Vishnu reminisces that Goddess Durga is their Mother or Progenitor
  • Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv are in Birth & Death
  • God Shiv clarifies that Goddess Durga is Mother of Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv
  • Read Devi Bhagwat Puran online / Download PDF
  • Devi Bhagwat Puran – Video

Below you will find pages from Devi Bhagwat Puran which are in hindi. All english text is after the hindi text towards the lower half of the page.

Devi Bhagwat Puran – Skand 3 Adhyay 2

Narad Ji says that I had asked the same question about Creation of this Universe from my father Brahma Ji.

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – How did the Universe Originate

Brahma Ji answers the question about creation of universe. Brahma shows his limitation in answering the question and further says that not even Vishnu Ji can answer this question satisfactorily.

Brahma Ji recalls that when he gained consciousness, there was water everywhere. There was nothing to be seen. There was no sun, moon, trees or mountains. While sitting on a lotus flower Brahma Ji wondered how he appeared on a lotus flower and who was his originator.

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – Brahma's fight with Madhu & Kaitab

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran - Goddess Durga Orders Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv to perform their roles

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – Goddess Durga gives Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv a tour of Brahm Lok in a Plane

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv are astonished to see land & creation

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv are perplexed on seeing another Brahma

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv get confused on witnessing another Vishnu & Shiv

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Puran – God Visnhu Reminisces that Goddess Durga is their Mother or Progenitor

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran – Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv are in Birth & Death

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran – God Shiv clarifies that Goddess Durga is Mother of Brahma, Vishnu & Shiv

Devi Bhagwat Purana Skand 3

Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran – Video

Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran - Skand 3 Chapter 2, 3, 4, 5 | English

Chapter II

On Rudras going towards the heavens on the celestial car

1-19. Vyasa said :-- O mighty armed Kuru! What you have asked me just now, I also asked the same thing to Narada, the lord of the Munis and he gave me the following reply :--

O Vyasa! What shall I say to you on this point more than this that a doubt occurred to me also in my former days. The question that you have put to me today rose in my mind before; and I went to my father Brahma, of endless energy and asked to him thus :-- O Lord! O Father! Whence is this whole Brahmanda born? Have You created it? Or is it Vishnu or Maheshvara? O all pervading soul! Who is there in this Brahmanda fit to be worshipped? O Lord of the world! Who is the top-most Lord ruling over everything? Kindly say.

O Brahman! I am plunged in this sea of Maya and perils; my heart is agitated with doubts; hence it is not appeased in any place of pilgrimage; or in thinking any Deva or in practising any Sadhan or in any other object. O Sinless one! Give me the answers duly and thus remove my doubts. O Tormentor of foes! Unless the highest truth is not known, peace is not found. This heart, distracted in various ways, cannot rest fixed on one subject. Whom am I to remember? Whom to worship? Where to go? Whom to praise? Who is the Supreme God this Universe? I do not understand these things. O Satyavati's son! Hearing these my serious queries, Brahma, the grand-Sire of beings, replied to me as follows :--

O highly illustrious son! What more shall I say to you than this that even Vishnu is unable to answer your questions; so difficult are they indeed! O great intelligent one! Nobody that is attached to the world knows anything about this. Those who are unattached to this world, who are free from any envy, these who are without desires and calm, those highsouled ones know the secret of all this.

In former days when all was water, water everywhere and all things, moving and non-moving were destroyed, when five elements were sprung, then I was also born from the lotus navel of Vishnu. Then not seeing Moon, Sun, trees, or mountains or anything and sitting on the centre (Karnika) of the lotus thought thus :-- When am I born in this great ocean of waters? Who has created me? Who is now my protector? And Who will be my Destroyer when this cycle ends? There is no earth distinctly visible anywhere here; on what, then, this mass of water rests? Lotus is termed Pankaja because it springs from mud and dirt; so unless there exists the earth underneath with mud and dirt, how this lotus will come out here! Now let me try and find out where is the root of this lotus, where is the mud and dirt? If this be found, then the earth will be also certainly there. Thus thinking, I dived underneath the water and searched for one thousand years but could not find earth anywhere, when the celestial voice entered my ears “Practise tapasya (austerities).” Hearing this celestial voice, I sat on the lotus, my birth place, and practised tapasya for one thousand years.

20-30. Next, the celestial voice came again “Create.” (do creation) Hearing this, I became quite confounded and began to think within myself “now what am I to create? What to do?” After this, the two terrible demons Madhu and Kaitabha came to me and affrighted me saying “Fight with us.” I became quite terrified and holding the stem of the lotus, I got down within the water. There I saw a wonderful person, sleeping on a serpent bed. He was of a deep blue colour like a rain-cloud, wearing yellow clothes, four-armed, garlanded with forest flowers, and the Lord of this whole Universe. On the four arms of this Maha Vishnu there were conch-shells, disc, club, and lotus and other weapons. I saw this Achyuta Purusa, sleeping on the Ananta serpent bed, motionless and under the influence of Yoga Nidra. I then thought within myself “What am I to do?” Not being able to find out any other way, I recollected the Devi who was then of the nature of sleep and began to praise Her. The auspicious Devi Yoga Nidra, whose form could not be determined, immediately left the body of Vishnu and decorated with divine ornaments, began to shine in the air. After She left the body of Vishnu, Vishnu immediately got up. And He fought terribly for five thousand years with the Danavas Madhu Kaitabha; then by the grace of the Bhagavati, He extended His own thighs and then, on those thighs, He slew the two demons. Where Vishnu and myself were standing, Rudra Deva came also and joined with us. Then we three saw the beautiful Devi in the celestial space.

31-40. We three, then, commenced to chant hymns to Her and She gladdened our hearts by Her gracious look and said :-- “O Brahma! O Vishnu! O Rudra! The two great Daityas are slain. Now forsake your laziness and do your respective works of creating, preserving, and destroying the Universe; create your own abodes, and live in happiness; create by your respective lordly powers, the fourfold beings.”

Hearing the Devi's gentle sweet words, we spoke :-- “O Mother! There is no wide earth here; all is one mass of infinite ocean. No five elements, no five tanmatras, no sensual organs, no Gunas, nothing exist here; how can we then execute the works of creation, etc. Hearing our words, the Devi smiled.

Immediately there came from the sky overhead a beautiful aerial car. The Devi said :-- “O Brahma! O Vishnu! O Rudra! Get in this car (plane) without any fear. To-day I will show you one wonderful thing.” At Her word, we got into the beautiful car without any fear. It was decorated with various gems and jewels, bedecked with pearls, emitting sweet tinkling sounds of bells and looking as the abode of the celestials. Seeing us seated without any fear, She made the car get high up in the sky by Her force.

Thus ends the second chapter of the third skandha on Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra's going towards the heavens on the celestial car, given by the Devi in the Mahapurana S'rimad Devi Bhagavatam of 18,000 verses by Maharsi Veda Vyas.

Chapter III

On seeing the Devi

1-5. Brahma said :-- “We were very much astonished not to find water where our beautiful aeroplane landed us. We saw earth resonated with the sweet cooings of the cuckoos, filled with beautiful fruit-laden trees, forests and gardens. Big rivers, wells, tanks, ponds, watersprings, small pools, women, men all are there. Next we saw, in front of us, a nice city enclosed by a divine wall, containing many sacrificial halls and various palatial buildings and magnificent edifices. Oh! We thought :-- It is Heaven! What a great wonder! Who built this?

6-11. Next we saw a king looking like a Deva is going out on a hunting excursion in the forest. The Devi Ambika, Whom we saw before, is staying on the chariot. In an instant, our aeroplane, propelled by air got high up above the sky and reached in the twinkling of an eye at a lovely place. We saw there a divine Nandana garden. There Surabhi, the cow of plenty, was staying under the shade of the Parijata tree. Close by her, there was an elephant having four tusks; and Menaká and other hosts of Apsaras were there with their various gestures and postures, playing, dancing and singing. There were hundred of Yaksas, Gandharbhas, Vidyadharas within that Mandara garden playing and singing. Within this there was the Lord Satakratu with S'achi, the daughter of Puloma.

12-34. Next we saw with great wonder, Varuna, the lord of the aquatic animals, Kuvera, Yama, Surya (sun), fire and the other Devas; then we saw that in our front, Indra the Lord of the Devas, was coming out from a well decorated city. He was there situated in his palanquin, calm and quiet and carried by men. Then the car, where we were situated, began to get up high in the sky, and in the twinkling of an eye, we reached Brahma loka, that is saluted by all the Devas. There Shiva and Vishnu were greatly bewildered to see another Brahma of that place. In the council hall of Brahma, the Vedas with their Angas, the serpents, hills, oceans and rivers were seen. Seeing all these, Vishnu and Maheshvara asked me :-- “O Four-faced one! Who is this eternal Brahma? I replied :-- I do not know who is this Brahma? Who am I? and who is He? why has this error come over me? You, too, also are gods so you can better ponder over it.”

Next our car, going with the swiftness of mind went, in the twinkling of an eye, to the beautiful all auspicious Kailas'a mountain surrounded by bliss-giving Yaksas. It was beautified by the Mandara garden, resonated by the sweet cooings of S'ukas and cuckoos and the sweet sounds of lutes and small drums and tabors. When we reached there we saw the five faced, three-eyed Bhagavan Shankara, with ten hands, wearing tiger skin, and the upper garment of the elephant skin. He was then, getting out of his abode, riding on a bull. His two sons, the great heroes, Ganesha and Kartikeya, beautifully adorned, were attending Him as His body guards. Nandi and all other hosts were following Him, chanting victories to Him. O Muni Narada! we were greatly wondered to see another Shankara, surrounded by the Matrikas. So much so, that perplexed with doubts, I sat down there.

Next our aeroplane went on with the force of wind; and in an instant reached the abode of Vaikuntha, the amusement court of Laksmi. O Suta! There at Vaikuntha, we saw a wonderful manifestation of power. Our companion Vishnu was greatly surprised to see that excellent city. We saw there four-armed Vishnu, of the colour of Atasi flower, wearing yellow garments, adorned with divine ornaments sitting on Garuda. Laksmi Devi is fanning wonderful chowry to Him. Struck with wonder at the sight of the eternal Vishnu, we took our seat on the car and looked at one another's face.

Next the balloon ascended with the swiftness of wind; and, in the twinkling of an eye, reached to the ocean of nectar, the Sudha-Sagar, with waves playing sweetly on it. This ocean Sudha Sagara is filled with aquatic animals and agitated with ripples. We saw and went along and came to a very wonderful place called the Mani Dvipa (the island of gems) in the midst of the Ocean. It was adorned with Mandara and Pàrijata an other heavenly flower trees (plants?), with various beautiful carpets, with variegated trees As'oka, Vakula, Ketaki, Champaka, Kuravaka, etc., adorned with lustrous gems and pearls. It was resonated with the sweet cooings of the cuckoos and the humming sounds of bees; and it presented the sight of a sweet harmonious music playing there.

35-67. Sitting on our aeroplane, we saw, from a distance, within that Dwipa, a beautiful cot known as S'ivakara (i.e. whose four legs represent Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, etc., and whose top portion represents Sada S’iva looking like a rainbow, with exquisitely beautiful carpet spread over it and decked with various gems and jewels and inlaid with pearls. We saw a Divine Lady, sitting on the cot, wearing a red garment and a garland of red cloth and bedewed with red sandal paste. Her eyes were dark-red; that beautiful faced red-lipped lady looked more beautiful than ten millions of lightnings and ten millions of Laksmis and lustrous like the Sun. The Bhagavati Bhuvanes'vari was sitting with a sweet smile on Her lips and holding in Her four hands noose, goad, and signs indicating as if She was ready to grant boons and asking Her devotees discard all fear. We never saw before such a form. Even the birds of that place repeat the mystic incantation Hrim and serve that Lady, Who is of the colour of the rising Sun, all merciful, and in the full bloom of youth. That lotus-faced smiling lady was adorned with all the beauties of Nature. Her high breasts defied the lotus bud. She was holding various jewelled ornaments, e.g., armplates, bracelets, diadems, etc. Her lotus-face looked exceedingly beautiful with jewelled ear-rings of the shape of the S’ri Yantra (yantra of Tripura Sundari). Hrillekha and other Deva girls were surrounding Her. There were Sakhis on the four sides -- always chanting hymns to Mahes'vari, the Lady of the world. She was surrounded on Her all sides by Ananga kusuma and other Devis. She was sitting in the middle of the Satkona (six angled) Yantra. We were all wondered at the sight of this Wonderful Form never seen before and we thought :-- “Who is this Lady? What is Her name? we know nothing of Her, from such a distance.” Thus while we were gazing at Her, that four armed Lady became gradually thousand eyed, with thousand hands and thousand feet; so it seemed to us. O Narada! We became very much embarrassed with doubts and thought within ourselves “Is She Apsara (nymph) or a Gandharva daughter or any other Deva Girl? who is She ?” At this juncture Bhagavan Vishnu saw closely the sweet smiling Devi and by his intelligence came to a definite conclusion and spoke to us :-- “This is the Devi Bhagavati Mahavidya Maha Maya, undecaying and eternal; She is the Full, the Prakriti; She is the Cause of us all. This Devi is inconceivable to those who are of dull intellects; only the Yogis can see Her by their Yoga-powers. She is eternal (Brahma) and also non-eternal (Maya). She is the Will-force of the Supreme Self. She is the First Creatrix of this world. This Devi with wide eyes, the Lady of the Universe, has produced the Vedas. The lessfortunate persons cannot worship Her. During the time of Pralaya, She destroys all the Universe, draws within Her body all the subtle bodies (Linga-Sariras), and plays. O two Devas! At present She is residing in the form of the Seed of the Universe. Behold! On Her sides are seen duly all the Vibhutis (manifestations of powers). They are all adorned with divine ornaments and anointed with divine scents and are serving Her. O Brahman! O Shankara! To-day we are blessed and highly fortunate that we have got the sight of this Devi. The tapasya (asceticisms) that we practised of yore have yielded to us this fruit. Else why Bhagavati has shown so carefully Her own form? Those who are highly meritorious by tapasyas and gifts of abundant wealth, those high souled persons are able to see this allauspicious Bhagavati. The person attached to sensual objects can never see Her. It is She that is the Mula Prakriti, united with the Chidananda Person. It is She that creates this Brahmanda and exhibits it to the Paramatma (the Supreme Self). O two Devas! This whole Universe and all the Seers and Seen and other things contained therein owe to Her as their sole cause. She is the Maya assuming all forms; She is the Goddess of all. Where is I myself! Where are the Devas! Where are Laksmi and the other Devis! We cannot compare to one-hundred thousandth part of Her. It is this all-excellent Lady, Whom I saw in the great Ocean when She reckoned Me who was baby then with greatest gladness. In former days, when I was sleeping on the cot made of immoveable fixed leaves of a banyan tree and licking my toe, making it enter within my mouth and playing like an ordinary baby, this Lady rocked my gentle body to and fro on the banyan leaves singing songs like a Mother. Now I recollect all what I felt before at Her sight and recognise that She is the Bhagavati. These very things I now communicate to you. Hear attentively that She is this Lady and She is our Mother.”

Thus ends the third chapter of the Third Skandha on seeing the Devi in the Maha Puranam S’rimad Devi Bhagavatam of 18,000 verses by Maharsi Veda Vyas.

Chapter IV

On the hymns to the Great Devi by Vishnu

1-20. Brahma said :-- Thus speaking, Bhagavan Janardana Vishnu spoke to me again :-- “Come, let us bow down to Her again and again and let us go to Her. We shall reach at Her feet fearlessly and we will chant hymns to Her; Maha Maya will be pleased with us and will grant us boons. If the guards at the entrance prevent us from going, we would stand at the gateway and we will chant hymns to the Devi with one mind.” Brahma said :-- When Hari addressed us in the above way, we two became choked by intense feelings of joy; our voice became tremulous and we waited there for some time; our hearts were elated with joy to go to Her. We then accepted Hari's word said “Om” and got down from our car and went with hastened steps and with fear to the gate. Seeing us standing at the gateway, the Devi Bhagavati smiled and within an instant transformed us three into females. We looked beautiful and youthful women, adorned with nice ornaments; thus we greatly wondered and went to Her. Seeing us standing at Her feet in feminine forms, the beautiful Devi Bhagavati, looked on us with eyes of affection. We then bowed to the great Devi, looked at one another and stood before Her in that feminine dress. We three, then, began to see the pedestal of the great Devi, shining with the lustre of ten million Suns and decorated with various gems and jewels. We next discerned that thousands and thousands of attendants are waiting on Her. Some of them are wearing red dress; some blue dress, some yellow dress; thus the Deva girls, variously dressed were serving Her and standing by Her side. They were dancing, singing on and playing with musical instruments and were gladly chanting hymns in praise of the Devi. O Narada!We saw there another wonderful thing. Listen. We saw the whole universe, moving and non-moving within the nails of the lotus feet of the Devi. We saw there myself, Vishnu, Rudra, Vayu, Agni, Yama, Moon, Sun, Varuna, Tvasta, Indra, Kuvera and other Devas, Apsaras, Gandarbhas, rivers, oceans, mountains, Visvavasus Chitraketu, Sveta, Chitrangada, Narada, Tumburu, Ha Ha Hu Hu and other Gandarbhas, the twin As'vins, the eight Vasus, Sadhyas, Siddhas, the Pitris, Ananta and other Nagas, Kinnaras, Uragas, Raksasas, the abode of Vaikuntha, the abode of Brahma, Kailas'a mountain, the best of all mountains; all were existing there. Within that nail of the toe were, reflected all the things of the Universe. The lotus whence I was born, the four faced Brahma like myself on that lotus, Bhagavan Jagannath lying on that bed of Ananta, the two Demons Madhu Kaitabha, all I saw there.

21-31. Seeing all these wonderful things within the nails of Her lotus feet, I became greatly surprised and thought timidly :-- “What are all these!” My companions Vishnu and Shankara were struck with wonder. We three, then, made out that She was our Mother of the universe.

Thus full one hundred years passed away in seeing the various glories of the Devi in the auspicious nectar-like Mani Dwipa; as long we were there, Her attendants, the Deva girls adorned with various ornaments gladly considered us as Sakhis. We, too, were greatly fascinated by their enchanting gestures and postures. For that reason, we saw always their beautiful movements with great gladness. Once, on an occasion, Bhagavan Vishnu, while He was in that feminine form, chanted hymns in praise of the great Devi Sri Bhuvaneshvari.

Sri Bhagavan said :-- Salutation to the Devi Prakriti, the Creatrix; I bow down again and again to you. you are all-auspicious and grantest the desires of Thy devotees; you are of the nature of Siddhi (success) and Vriddhi (increase). I bow down again and again to you. I bow down to the World Mother, Who is of the nature of Everlasting Existence, Intelligence and Bliss. O Devi! you create, preservest and destroyest this Universe; you dost the Pralaya (the great Dissolution) and showest favour to the created beings. Thus you are the Authoress of the above five fold things that are done; so, O Bhuvanes’vari, I bow down to you! you are the great efficient and material cause of the changeful. you are the Unchangeable, Immoveable Consciousness; you are the half letter (Ardhamatra), Hrillekha (the consciousness that ever pervades both inside and outside the Universe); you are the Supreme Soul and the individual soul. Salutation again and again to you.

O Mother! I now realise fully well that this whole Universe rests on you; it rises from you and again melts away in you. The creation of this Universe shows your infinite force. Verily, you become yourself all these Lokas (regions). During the time of creation you create the two formless elements akasa and Vayu and the three elements with form, fire, water, and earth; then with these you create the whole Universe and shewest this to the Enjoyer Purusa, who is of the nature of consciousness, for His satisfaction. you again become the material cause of the twentythree (23) Tattvas, Mahat, etc., as enumerated in the Sankhya system and appear to us like a mirage.

32. O Mother! Were it not for you, no object would be visible, You pervade the whole Universe. It is for this reason that those persons that are wise declare that even the Highest Purusha can do no work without your aid.

33-34. O Devi! You create and are giving satisfaction to the whole Universe by your power; again at the time of Pralaya you swallow forcibly all these that are seen. So, O Devi! Who can fathom your powers? O Mother! You did save us from the hands of Madhu and Kaitabha. Then You have brought us to this Mani Dvipa and showed us your own form, all the extended regions and immense powers and given us exquisite delight and joy. This is the highest place of happiness.

35-37. O Mother! When I Myself, Shankara and Brahma or any one of us is unable to fathom your inconceivable glory, who else can then ascertain? O Bhavani! Who knows, how many more than the several regions that we saw reflected in thy nails of your feet, exist in your creation. O One endowed with infinitely great powers! O Devi! we saw another Vishnu, another Shankara, another Brahma, all of great celebrity in the Universe exhibited by You; who knows how many other such Brahmas, etc., exist in your other Universes! Thy glory is infinite. O Mother! I bow down again and again to your lotus feet and pray to you that may your this form exist always in my mind. May my mouth always utter your name and may my two eyes see always your lotus feet.

38-43. O Revered One! May I remember you as my Goddess and may you constantly look on us as your humble servant. O Mother! What more shall I say than this :-- May this relation as mother and son always exist between you and us. O World-Mother! There is nothing in this world that is not known to you for you are omniscient. So O Bhavani! What more shall my humble self declare to you! Now you do whatever you desire. O Devi! The rumour goes that Brahma is the Creator, Vishnu is the Preserver, and Maheshvara is the Destroyer! Is this true? O Eternal One! It is through your will power, through your force, that we create, preserve and destroy.

O Daughter of the Himalaya mountain! The earth is not supporting this Universe; it is your endless might that is holding all this made of five elements. O Grantress of boons! It is through your power and lustre that the Sun is lustrous and becomes visible. Though you are the attributeless Self, yet by your Mayic power you appearest in the form of this Prapancha Universe. When Brahma, Mahesha, and I myself take birth by your power and are not eternal, what more can be said of Indra and other Devas than this that they are mere temporary things and created. It is only you that are Eternal, Ancient Prakriti and the Mother of this Universe. O Bhavani! Now I realise from my remaining with you, that it is you that imparts, out of mercy, the Brahma vidya to the ancient Purusa; and thus He can realise His eternal nature. Otherwise He will remain always under delusion that He is the Lord, He is the Purusa without beginning, that He is good and the Universal Soul, and thus suffers under various forms of egoism (Ahamkara).

You are the Vidya of the intelligent persons and the Shakti of the beings endowed with force; You are Kirti (fame), Kanti (lustre), Kamala (wealth) and the spotless Tusti (peace, happiness). Amongst men, you are the dispassion, leading to Mukti (complete freedom from bondage). You are the Gayatri, the mother of the Vedas; and you are Svaha, Svadha, etc. You are the Bhagavati, of the nature of the three Gunas; You are the half matra (half the upper stroke of a letter), the fourth state, transcending the Gunas. It is you that gives always the Shastras for the preservation of the Devas and the Brahmanas. It is you that has expanded and manifested this whole phenomenon of the visible Universe for the liberation of the embodied souls (Jivas), the parts of the pure holy Brahman, the Full, the Beginningless, the Deathless, forming the waves of the lnfinite expanse of ocean. When the Jiva comes to know internally and becomes thoroughly conscious that all this is your work, you create and destroy, that all this is your Mayic pastime, false, like the parts of an actor in a theatrical play, then and then only he desists for ever from his part in this Theatre of world. O Mother! O Destroyer of the greatest difficulties! I always take refuge unto you. You do save me from this ocean of Samsara, full of Moha (delusion). Let you be my Saviour when my end will come, from these infinitely troublesome and unreal pains arising from love and hatred. Obeisance to you! O Devi! O Maha vidya! I fall prostrate at your feet. O Thou, the Giver of all desires! O Auspicious One! Dost Thou give the knowledge that is All Light to Me.

Thus ends the fourth chapter of the Third Skandha on the hymns to the Great Devi by Vishnu in the Mahapurana S'rimad Devi Bhagavatam of 18,000 verses by Maharsi Veda Vyas.

Chapter V

On the chanting of hymns by Hara and Brahma

1. Brahma said :-- O Narada! Thus speaking, Vishnu stopped; Sankara, the Destroyer, then stepped in and, bowing down to the Devi said :--

2. Shiva said :-- O Devi! If Hari be born by your power and the lotus-born Brahma have come into existence from you, why, then, I who of Tamo Guna be not born of you? O Auspicious One! You are clever in creating all the Lokas! What wonder is there in my being created by you.

3. O Mother! you are the earth, water, air, akasa and fire. you are, again, the organs of senses and the organs of perception; you are Buddhi, mind and Ahankara (egoism.

4. Those who say that Hari, Hara, and Brahma are respectively the Preserver, the Destroyer and the Creator of this whole Universe do not know anything. All the three, above mentioned, are created by you; then they perform always their respective functions; their sole refuge being yourself.


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