Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5

Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 is about Description of Karm Sanyas and Karmyog. Here Kaal has explained who is superior among karm sanyasi and karm yogi

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 1 - Arjun asks which one is superior, Karm Sanyas or Karmyog

Description of Karm Sanyas

Karm Sanyas is of two types; 

  1. Sanyas (renunciation) is that in which a devotee, inspired to attain God, stubbornly goes and sits in a forest and does baseless worship.
  2. Even when staying at home one does worship by forcefully (hatha yoga) sitting in one place for hours and abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures is a Karm Sanyasi

Both of the above mentioned are Karm Sanyasi.

Description of Karmyog

Karmyog is also of two types.

  1. The first type is living with family, besides performing worldly tasks, does scripture-based worship, or without getting married, living at home or in a monastery, besides performing worldly actions i.e. rendering service, does scripture-based worship. Both of these are Karmyogi.
  2. The second type of Karmyogis are those who live in family and do worship, abandoning the methods prescribed in the scriptures, or without getting married, serve in a monastery. These are also known as Karmyogi.

Why is Karmyogi superior to a Karm Sanyasi | Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5

Meaning: The meaning of Verse 2 is that the worshippers who are not in accord with the scriptures, are of two types: one is Karm Sanyasi; second, Karmyogi. Worship done by both of them is inauspicious i.e. useless. Even then out of these two, Karmyogi is better than Karm Sanyasi because when a Karmyogi, whose worship is not according to the scriptures, gets the satsang (spiritual discourse) of a Tatvadarshi sant, immediately gives up his baseless worship and gets his welfare done by following scripture-based worship.

But Karm Sanyasi of both types; Hatha-yogi (who forcefully practices physical discipline), who even while staying at home, closing their ears and eyes sit in one place and practice Hatha-yoga, and those who abandoning home, practice the aforesaid Hatha-yoga, out of ego, do not accept the knowledge delivered by a Tatvadarshi sant because they become arrogant of their renunciation and the supernatural powers obtained from Hath-yog. Even the pride of renouncing home is a hindrance in attaining true bhakti. Seldom does someone among crores of Karm Sanyasis accept the true bhakti. Therefore a Karmyogi, despite acting against the scriptures, is better than a Karm Sanyasi who acts against the scriptures.

Essence: It is mentioned in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 2 that compared to Karm Sanyas (in which devotees leave their homes) Karmyog (devotees while staying at home with children or without getting married, perform worldly tasks at home or in a monastry) is superior.

For example King Ambreesh, King Janak, most venerable Kabir Sahib Ji (KavirDev, even when He Himself is the Purna Parmatma, is trying to prove that only the kind of sadhna I do is superior), Sant Garibdas Ji Maharaj, Sri Nanak Dev Ji, Sant Namdev Ji, Sant Ravidas Ji etc. Besides this, God has also said that if this only is the correct sadhna, then whether one stays at home or outside in a monastery etc both will have the same accomplishments.

Garib, dere daande khush raho, khushre lahe na moksh
Dhru Prahlad udhar gaye, to dere mein kya dosh
Garib, kele ki kopeen hai, phool paan phal khaahin
Nar ka much nahin dekhte, bast nikat na jaahin
Garib, vo jungle ke roj hain, manushyon bidke jaahin
Nish din firaen ujaad mein, Sahib pave naahin

Those Karm Sanyasis who relinquishing home go to jungle and becoming naked make a loin-cloth of a banana leaf, consume fruits and leaves, do not go to the city, do not even see any man, spend their entire lives in a cave or bush in the jungle, if their sadhna is not in accordance with the injunctions of scriptures then they can not attain God. Because they are like wild animals (roj). In the jungle one is troubled by hot-cold weather, hunger-thirst and there is constant fear of wild animals. One can only do bhakti when the problems of hot-cold weather, hunger-thirst are timely resolved. A Karm Sanyasi can not have this facility in the jungle. Then they become conceited of their renunciation; as a result of which they become devoid of bhakti.

Kabir, man ke maare ban gaye, ban taj basti maanh
Kahain Kabir main kya karoon, man to manae naanh

One does not become free from vices by the worship mentioned in the Vedas | Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5

The meaning of Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 7 is that one comes into Aatmtattav, who has accepted this that he has controlled his mind, that holy soul does not perform bad deeds. But mind can not be controlled by Brahm worship. For instance Sri Narad Ji went into the jungle (by taking Karm Sanyas) and did worship for many years and believed that he had obtained control over his mind and senses.

Here, this Kaal himself forcefully makes a living being act and makes him only experience the result of that action. 

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 3, there is a description of a Karmyogi who performs scripture-based worship, that a devout bhakt, whether he possesses children or not, or lives in a monastery and is engrossed in the service of Satguru and the sangat (people assembled in an ashram), who is always free from love-hatred, only he is a Sanyasi (an ascetic) in reality. He only then delivers the knowledge of true worship with full certainty to other devotees who are opposed to the scriptures.

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 4, only one accomplishment of a both Gyanyogi and a householder has been given. If a fool says that a Gyanyogi is superior, or a householder is superior, then he is not a Pandit. If bhakti of both of them is in accordance with the scriptures and they remain within Guru maryada (boundaries set by Guruji), then both are successful. If bhakti is not according to the scriptures, then whether he is a householder or a Gyanyogi, both are unsuccessful. Nevertheless, God himself is saying that compared to Karm Sanyasis, devotees who are devoid of scripture-based way of worship, Karmyogi (a householder) is superior. Because in Karm Sanyas the pride of renunciation is natural, which is a complete hindrance in attainment of God (in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 2).

In The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 5, it is said that Gyanyogi and Karmyogi both acquire the same status. Whose worship is in accordance with the scriptures and one who knows this, he has the right knowledge.

Important: – The meaning of Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 4-5 is that some say that one who has acquired knowledge, he does not marry and remains a bachelor throughout life and he only can get across, whether he lives at home, or in a monastery. Reason being, that person after acquiring some knowledge, starts teaching other inquisitive souls by giving proper examples. Then the innocent souls think that he has become a highly learned person. He is definitely through. When will our, householder’s, turn come? A few say that one who lives with children, he only attains welfare. Reason being, a household person performs charity-meritorious acts, therefore he is superior. Hence, it is said that those who express both these kinds of views are children; do not consider them to be learned. Only a Complete Saint, who is Tattavdarshi, delivers the true knowledge that both types of above-mentioned devotees, who perform scripture-based sadhna within the bounds of the Guru, have the same achievements. A devotee, who will understand this explanation, will not get confused by anyone’s talks. A bhakt who performs sadhna while remaining a bachelor and imparts knowledge to others, then someone praises him that he is very knowledgeable, what to say, he knows that the knowledge has been given by Satguru. One will attain liberation not by knowledge but by doing naam jaap and by remaining within bounds of the Guruji. Similarly, one who is a householder, he also knows that although this Bhakt ji knows four mantras and a few sacred speeches, and others are pointlessly praising him, both of these are ignorants. Liberation will only be possible by naam jaap and by remaining within Guru Maryada, otherwise, both will incur sin and will become devoid of bhakti. He who has understood this, whether he is a brahmchari (practices celibacy) or a householder, they both know the reality. The following mantras are mentioned in relation to that devotee who performs sadhna after understanding that real knowledge.

The meaning of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 6 is that those who do sadhna by abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures, whether they do sadhna of Brahm or the lower gods, they only attain misery. Karm Sanyasi Develops Pride of Renunciation

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 7, it has been clarified that both types of the above-mentioned Sanyasis (of Karm Sanyas) do become arrogant of their renunciation and sadhna. Arrogance is a complete hindrance in the path of God i.e. an arrogant person’s all sadhna pooja is fruitless. He does not attain God. In The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 2, it has been stated that Karmyog is superior to Karm Sanyas.

Evidence: Dhruv, Prahlad, King Ambreesh, King Janak were Karmyogi hoseholders who were devoid of the ordinances of the scriptures. Sri Nanak Ji, Sant Ravidas, Sant Garibdas Sahib Ji were householders (Karmyogi) who performed sadhna in accordance with the scriptures. A Karmyogi does not develop arrogance. He is afraid of his misfortunes and keeps respecting saints.

The meaning of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 8 and 9 is that whatever action one does, he should think that I do not do anything. This translation is by other translators of Gitaji.

Essence: – If one kills someone and says that I have not done anything. Is he free from guilt? This knowledge is not of God Krishna, it is of Brahm (Kaal). At first, he makes one act and then gives the result.

The real meaning of Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 8 and 9 is that a devotee endowed with Tattavgyan (the true knowledge) while performing all actions bears this in mind that I am not doing any sinful act. Therefore, it is said that he prudently performs all actions on the basis of knowledge.

It is said in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 10 to 13 that a devotee who has arrived at ‘Aatm Tattav’ i.e. who has acquired knowledge of the Purna Parmatma (the Complete/ Supreme God) and has taken naam from a Complete Guru, that man performs auspicious actions. Therefore does not bind to the bondage of actions, and others perform actions on the basis of knowledge of Kaal (Brahm) and then bear the results.

Living Beings act according to their nature | Srimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5

It is said in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 14, 15 that when the Supreme God (Purna Parmatma) had created nature in Satlok, at that time He had not produced anyone on the basis of action. He had given a beautiful body in Satlok which was imperishable. But God had definitely made the law of action-result. Therefore all living beings act according to their nature and experience joy and sorrow. Like, we all, souls, were produced in Satlok by Purna Brahm Parmatma (SatPurush) from within Himself by the power of word. There we did not have to do any action and all comforts were available. We ourselves out of our nature became attracted to Jyoti Niranjan (Brahm-Kaal) and turned our faces away from our happiness-giving God. And its result was that we all ourselves got bound to the bondage of actions. Now whatever action we perform, we are getting its predetermined result according to the rules. He forgives our sins if we do scripture-based sadhna, otherwise, gives what is destined.

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 16 to 28, it is mentioned that by doing acts of bhakti which are in accordance with the Holy Scriptures, and by remaining within the bounds (maryada), one can attain Purna Parmatma and the Purna Prabhu (the Complete/ Supreme God) forgives sins. Therefore one attains complete salvation while doing actions (karm).

Everything works by nature. Actions have been attached to us by Kaal (Brahm), Jyoti Niranjan. He only by, giving rise to ignorance, misleads a living being. The real knowledge (of Purna Parmatma) has been suppressed by ignorance (knowledge of Kaal). Because of which the ignorants (who do not have the knowledge of the Purna Parmatma) are being deluded. By destroying this ignorance (knowledge of Kaal) by Tattavgyan/the True knowledge (knowledge of Purna Parmatma), the superior knowledge is illuminated like the sun. One who has gained complete knowledge (that person takes naam from a Complete Saint and abandons Kaal-sadhna because sins are removed by Satyanaam), after understanding his sins by complete knowledge, removing them by Satnaam and Saarnaam, becoming focussed, and established in the eternal God (Purna Brahm SatPurush), becomes free from birth and death.


Please ponder:- In Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 18, it has been stated while giving definition of a Pandit that that fair-minded (gyan yogi) knowledgeable (pandit) person, who considers Brahman, cow, dog, elephant, and an outcaste as one, he is known as Jeevat Mukta (liberated when alive) and he has attained God (has become connected with god). One who does not do this, no matter what he says, he will experience sufferings of 84 lakh births and will go to hell. He only is a Pandit who does not have restrictions on touching anyone, who considers an outcaste also as the same. He sees God in everyone and shows kindness, does not reprimand.

Once, Sant Namdev was preparing food. A dog picks up a roti and runs away. The saint, holding a bowl of ghee/butter in hand, follows saying, “God, how will you eat a dry roti? Let me smear it with ghee.” He went quite far. There the dog stops. Namdev Ji oils the roti and keeps it in front of the dog. Then they both started eating together. Because Namdev ji was clearly seeing God. It was appearing to be a dog to an ordinary man. These are the signs of a Pandit. Until this is so, he is not a Pandit i.e. he is not a sadhak suitable for bhakti. This is God’s statement in Gita Ji, as you have read before in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 19 to 21. Then it is evident that consider only that person to be liberated who has the following characteristics which are mentioned below in the Verses of Gita ji. It is said in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 22 that oh Arjun! The enjoyments arising from the fate of actions (to fight for kingdom and then enjoy) are perishable. A knowledgeable person stays away from this and in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 37, God is saying, “Arjun, you fight. If you die in war then you will enjoy in heaven and if you win the war, then you will enjoy the kingdom.”

Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 23 to 26 –

The definition of a yogi is that one who wins over his lust-anger, he only is a yogi (has achieved God), and only he is happy.

Please ponder: – This mind and senses could not even be won over by yogis like Shankarji. Then how can other living beings, devotees like Arjun (who had married twice) became yogyukt (attain God).

Garib, kahan sunan ki karte baatan
koii na dekhya amrit khaata


It is said in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 24 that only that yogi (devotee) achieves Nirvan Brahm i.e. Purna Parmatma (SatPurush). In Verse 25 also, there is description of attaining Nirvan Brahm (Purna Parmatma) and Verse 26 also gives the evidence of achieving Nirvan Brahm (Purna Parmatma). One who has abolished lust-anger, consider only that person to have achieved God. This competency is neither in Brahma Ji, nor Vishnu Ji, nor Shiv Ji, then who is through? In other words, even Brahma is left and so is Indra. The meaning of Vaar is that they remained on this side in Kaal lok, did not get through i.e. did not reach Satlok.


Please ponder: – It is mentioned in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 27, 28 that only by doing sumiran of Satnaam through breaths, can one kill mind and evil habits. Only he will become liberated. “Swaansa paaras bhed humaara, jo khoje so utre paara” Mind (mann) itself is a part of Kaal who is a God with a thousand arms. Mind and evil habits can only be killed by sumiran (remembrance of naam) of Kabir Sahib (who is the God with infinite arms). Except this, mind can not be overpowered by jaap of others like Brahma, Vishnu, Mahiesh and Kaal. Evil habits (vikaar) are killed by sumiran through breaths (by jaap of Satnaam). Respected Nanak Sahib Ji has also given its evidence. In Punjabi Guru Granth Sahib, on page no. 646 (Ramkali Raag Paudi no. 68, 69), he is asking that for what reasons does birth and death take place in this world, and how does it end? Kit kit vidhi jag upjae purkha, kit kit vidhi binas jaai? Answer given is: –

Huoomein vich jag upjae purkha, naam bisaare dukh paai
Guru mukh hovae gyaan tat vichaarae, huoomein sabdae jalaai
Tan man nirmal nirmal baani, saachae rahae samaai
Name naami rah bairaagi saach rakhiya ur dhaarae
Nanak bin naam jog kade na hovae, dekhhu ridae vichaarae ll68ll

Answer given is that under the influence of evil habits (lust, anger, attachment, greed, arrogance), a living being remains in birth-death. Evil habits end by the True God’s (SatPurush) True Naam (Satnaam), and yog (bhakti) is incomplete without naam. Therefore serve a Complete Guru.

Gurumukh saach shabd vichaarae koii
gurumukh sach vaani prakat hoii
Gurumukh man bheejae bujhae birla koii
gurumukh nij ghar vaasa hoii
Gurumukh jogi joogat pachhaanae
gurumukh Nanak iko jaanae ll69ll


Excerpt from Punjabi Guru Granth Sahib, page no. 59, 60 (Raag Siri – Mehla Pehla) Shabd no. 11

Bin guru preet na upjae huvmein mael na jaai
SohM aap pachhaniya, shabdaii bhed patiaai
Guru mukh aap pachhniae, awar ki kare karaai

Without finding a Guruji, evil habits (vikaar) and mind (man) can not be killed. Satguru gave me SohM naam (gave the most superior naam, SohM, of all naams). Why should we do any other sadhna now when we have gained full benefit from one Complete Naam (Satnaam)? A disciple of a Complete Guru becomes dedicated to only one Complete God (Purna Parmatma). Then after obtaining Saarnaam, attains complete liberation.


Important: In The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Verse 29, the narrator of Gita, Brahm-Kaal is saying that those ignorant people who are dependant on my sadhna, considering me to be the Master of all and the all-happiness giving God, they remain devoid of the peace obtained after attaining the Purna Parmatma; which means, they are not completely liberated. Their peace ends and they experience various kinds of sufferings. Its evidence is also in The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18.

Important: Because Kaal (Brahm) God is the master of the gods (Brahma – Vishnu – Mahesh) of the three loks and the twenty-one brahmands, he is the God of the gods. Therefore he is called as Maheshwar, and whatever comforts a devotee obtains by doing yagyas or other sadhnas (tap/austerity), its bhokta (consumer/enjoyer) is Kaal alone. For instance, to enjoy after becoming a king, and to do various kinds of evildoings. Kaal God himself enjoys all of these in the form of man (mind) and then after heating it on Taptshila (hot rock) takes lustful material out of it and consumes it. Because of ignorance, foolish people are attaining peace by considering this Kaal God as kind and loving. Like, billy goats of a butcher see that their master (the butcher) provides them fodder, water, and protects them from heat-cold. Therefore they consider him as kind and loving; but, in reality, that butcher is their Kaal. He will cut all of them, kill them, and realize his selfish motive. Likewise, Kaal God appears to be kind but consumes all the living beings. Hence, it is said that their peace ends i.e they experience great suffering.

Essential consideration: He, who makes one a dog, makes one a donkey, who cuts off one’s leg (because here all devout souls believe that everything happens by grace of God. Even a leaf does not move without His order), who eats everyone, and by scaring a warrior like Arjun, who causes war and then the results of the sins committed in the war – Yudhishthir having nightmares, then to tell through Krishna Ji that you should perform yagya because the sins committed by you in the war are giving you distress. Then making them do tap/austerity in Himalaya and mortify their bodies, and then putting them in hell. Now the readers should themselves contemplate.

The compassionate God is Kabir Sahib Ji, who is the Master of Satlok. He is the ocean of happiness. No soul is distressed there and here (in this Kaal lok) also, if any devout soul wants to be happy, then he should worship that Supreme father God (Param Pita Parmatma), Purna Brahm, the Eternal God, God Kabir, and should remain in His refuge throughout life.

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